In the last chapter, Collins looks into the apocalyptic literature from the Diaspora in the Roman Period. Here, he discusses once more the Sibylline Oracles. He also discusses 2 Enoch, 3 Baruch, and the Testament of Abraham. In the final chapter, Collins does look at apocalypticism in early Christianity. He looks at the life of Jesus and the role he played as an eschatological prophet. He looks at how Jesus combines this role of prophecy with that of being the son of man and having the messiah title. Collins discusses briefly Paul’s eschatology and finally looks at and discusses the book of Revelation.
Categories of Apocalypses
In the second chapter, Collins proceeds to break down the Apocalypses into two categories. He defines these two as the historical apocalypses and the otherworldly. Speaking about the historical apocalypses, Collins is keen to explain the composition of the historical Apocalypses.
Having written and discussed on the background and the interpretation of 1 Enoch, the author then moves to another historical figure. In chapters 4 and 5, he moves on to look at the book of Daniel. These two chapters are very significant in the book as they give information about the story on Daniel, who was the only example of apocalyptic literature that ever existed in the Hebrew Bible.
O Neil Most Significant Contribution
O’Neil’s most significant contribution is that he defines and introduces Christian citizenship as the manner through which Guatemalan neo-Pentecostals live in their city and state. His prime claim is “that neo-Pentecostal Christians in the City of Guatemala perform their citizenship through Christian doctrines and that these Christian doctrines make neo-Pentecostal residents of Guatemala into citizens (page. 3).
Work of O Neil
O’Neill observes that neo-Pentecostals seek to reconstruct first their country and ultimately all other countries. Lastly, O’Neill also introduces his second argument that is vaguely covered throughout the rest of the book. His work is exceeding ambitious and succeeds on several occasions. Over and above the already formidable responsibility of unfolding neo-Pentecostal citizenship, he charges himself with the responsibility of making contributions to the anthropology of Christianity, the anthropology in the City of Guatemala, and the evolution of neoliberalism, and the relationship between Christianity and governance.
In each chapter, he explores a different direction of neo-Pentecostal doctrine, beginning with the core structure of neo-Pentecostal churches, drifting to spiritual warfare, the beginning of fatherhood, the relationship of City of Guatemala to the countryside as described by notions of Christian charity.
Similitudes of Enoch
In chapter 8, Collins places his focus on the literature that came to pass after the fall of the Second Temple. This was in the 70 CE. He addresses this literature after discussing a short and defined chapter on the Similitudes of Enoch. To him, 4 Ezra and 2 Baruch were of major interest. This two describe the fall of the Temple.
What is Apocalypticism
According to the definition by Collins, ‘Apocalypticism’ is a historical movement. It is used to refer to a symbolic universe. In this universe, the apocalyptic movement makes its identity coded and is interpreted in reality.
After discussing the book of Daniel, Collins then moves on to discuss the Oracles and Testaments in chapter 6. In this part of his book, Collins talks about the Sibylline Oracles. In this chapter, we get to see the oracles in their Hellenistic background. The author is keen to tell us about the key passages that emerged from the oracles.
City of God
Amidst postwar demands for democratization, multinational churches have preoccupied logical operations in the public galleries and homes, guiding their Christian faithful to build a sanctified city stone by a stone, wall by a wall, and roof by roof. Drawing on rich observations and extensive fieldwork, O’Neill tracks the cultural and political setup of one such church, focusing at how neo-Pentecostal Christian doctrines have become acts of citizenship in a modern, politically relevant epoch for Protestantism.