Understanding the psychology of adults who were abused during their childhood is very important in knowing the causes of their criminal behavior. Sigmund Freud thought that much of people’s conscious behavior is determined by unconscious influences of which they are unaware. “A reaction from the over-estimation of the quality of consciousness becomes the indispensable preliminary condition for any correct insight into the behavior of the psychic life.” (Freud 2011) read more
Territorial jurisdiction is the power of the state that affects persons, property, and conditions within its internationally recognized boundaries. This applies to their handling of criminal activities according to the laws of the land within their boundaries. However, these principles have been adapted to allow the authorities to operate and pursue wanted persons in another country or territory. The best examples of this are the ‘Channel Tunnel’ between the United Kingdom and France and the 1994 peace agreement between Israel and Jordan. This envisages the nationality principles whereby any country can apply criminal jurisdiction to any person who has committed an offense in their country. read more
Conflict between Laws and Human Rights
There was a conflict between enforcement of laws and protection of human rights and civil liberties since the state governments reserved monopoly in the legitimate use of force. The excesses of state power would, however, decline dramatically during the civil war years after South Carolina allied to other Southern states declared their intention to secede from the United States.
The Enactment of Fourteenth Amendment
The enactment of Fourteenth Amendment was a systematic means of granting humanity to the slaves. This amendment insisted that all persons – including the slaves – born on American soil would be automatic citizens of the United States. This was in response to the infamous Dred Scott decision that had ruled out the issue of citizenship for the slaves. In the same breath, the Fifteenth, Sixteenth and Seventeenth Amendments reiterated the issue of human rights for the slaves as opposed to the treatment of those salves as property.
Procedural and Substantive Law
The difference between procedural law and substantive law is that procedural law provides the process (procedure) that a case will follow (whether it goes to trial or not). The procedural law determines how court proceeding concerning the enforcement of the substantive law will take place. On the contrary, the substantive law describes how the facts (substance) in the case will be handled, as well as how the facts in a crime will be determined. In essence, it deals with the subject of the matter (substance).
Law of the United States
According to the law of the United States, the interference with an existing law is a wrongful thing. This, however, occurs according to the nature of the interference. If the initial intent of the interference is so as to injure the party who loses the benefit of the contract, it is considered as wrong. It is also considered wrong if the intention of the interference is to benefit the party who interferes (Miller & Gaylord, 2010). These are the two important policy interests in wrongful interference of contracts.
In the history of the US, several definitions have described so as to ensure easy understanding of criminal law. According to Hall, criminal law is a branch of law which deals with crimes (offences or omissions) which are committed against the public authority or state (2005). Criminal law is regulated by the states or authority that governs that given state.
Child Care and Development Fund
I have researched and learned some very important facts about children and families relating to the Child Care and Development Fund. I was inspired by the letter addressed to President Obama, written by the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) to learn more about this fund.
Provisions of Common Law
The common law stipulates that, the greater an employer’s control over the agent’s work, the more it is likely that the agent is an employee. However, if the employer has insignificant control over work of the agent relationship ceases to be considered an employer-employee agency. A second key consideration finds out, whether the employer legally withholds taxes from payments to the worker.
Terms of the Versailles Treaty
What were the main terms of the Versailles Treaty and how much agreement was there on them?
The treaty of Versailles was a peace agreement. It was signed after the end of World War One. This treaty was signed between the Germans and the Allies. The main terms of this treaty were the surrender of all German colonies as League of Nations mandates.